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Handlers

Introduction

Handlers allow you to change the serialization, or deserialization process for a single type/format combination.

Handlers are simple callback which receive three arguments: the visitor, the data, and the type.

Simple Callables

You can register simple callables on the builder object:

$builder
    ->configureHandlers(function(JMS\Serializer\Handler\HandlerRegistry $registry) {
        $registry->registerHandler('serialization', 'MyObject', 'json',
            function($visitor, MyObject $obj, array $type) {
                return $obj->getName();
            }
        );
    })
;
Note: Be aware that when you call configureHandlers default handlers (like DateHandler) won?t be added and you will have to call addDefaultHandlers on the Builder

Subscribing Handlers

Subscribing handlers contain the configuration themselves which makes them easier to share with other users, and easier to set-up in general:

use JMS\Serializer\Handler\SubscribingHandlerInterface;
use JMS\Serializer\GraphNavigator;
use JMS\Serializer\JsonSerializationVisitor;
use JMS\Serializer\JsonDeserializationVisitor;
use JMS\Serializer\Context;

class MyHandler implements SubscribingHandlerInterface
{
    public static function getSubscribingMethods()
    {
        return [
            [
                'direction' => GraphNavigator::DIRECTION_SERIALIZATION,
                'format' => 'json',
                'type' => 'DateTime',
                'method' => 'serializeDateTimeToJson',
            ],
            [
                'direction' => GraphNavigator::DIRECTION_DESERIALIZATION,
                'format' => 'json',
                'type' => 'DateTime',
                'method' => 'deserializeDateTimeToJson',
            ],
        ];
    }

    public function serializeDateTimeToJson(JsonSerializationVisitor $visitor, \DateTime $date, array $type, Context $context)
    {
        return $date->format($type['params'][0]);
    }

    public function deserializeDateTimeToJson(JsonDeserializationVisitor $visitor, $dateAsString, array $type, Context $context)
    {
        return new \DateTime($dateAsString);
    }
}

Also, this type of handler is registered via the builder object:

$builder
    ->configureHandlers(function(JMS\Serializer\Handler\HandlerRegistry $registry) {
        $registry->registerSubscribingHandler(new MyHandler());
    })
;